Omon Ra…Sci Fi?

Is omon ra science fiction?
In class we discussed whether Pelevin’s Omon Ra is indeed science fiction. Some of us argued that it is but I would not consider Omon Ra to be science fiction. In 1972 Darko Suvin defines science fiction as “a literary genre whose necessary and sufficient conditions are the presence and interaction of estrangement and cognition, and whose main formal device is an imaginative framework alternative to the author’s empirical environment” (from the wiki page on Definitions of Sci Fi).
Omon Ra can be considered science fiction for a number of reasons. There is a lot of cognitive estrangement in Omon Ra, especially because Omon (and inherently the reader) is completely mislead by the Russian military into believing there is indeed a mission to space going on not just a hoax in the Moscow subway. Additionally there are a lot of plot jumps and disconnected occurrences in the story as mentioned by mtier1 below which only adds to the cognitive estrangement. Furthermore, the story deals with space travel which as we all know was a significant focal point in early Science Fiction especially of the eastern European variety.
Although there are features of science fiction in this story I do not consider Omon Ra to truly be science fiction because the author does not stray far enough from his “empirical environment.” It is implausible that the soviet military would organize a fake trip to the moon just to further brainwash its citizens which shows that Pelevin is not operating directly within his empirical environment, but the story does not stray far enough from reality to engage the imagination of the reader which I believe is what truly separates the reader from the environment of the author. When we are faced with a world inhabited by humanoid talking newts, or a post-apocalyptic city in Antarctica, or even a dystopian One State our imaginations as readers are excited. This creates the “imaginative framework” that darko suvin describes in his definition of science fiction. As this imagination is under developed in Omon Ra I cannot honestly consider science fiction, it may be a close relative, but it’s definitely a different species.